[43] In one of the better known incidents, on 21 October 1967, some 35,000 anti-war protesters organized by the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, gathered for a demonstration at the Defense Department (the "March on the Pentagon"), where they were confronted by some 2,500 armed soldiers. The Missile Defense Agency also came to be located in the Navy Annex. It has five sides, five floors above ground, two basement levels, and five ring corridors per floor with a total of 17.5 miles (28.2 km)[8] of corridors. [7][8] Some 23,000 military and civilian employees,[8] and another 3,000 non-defense support personnel, work in the Pentagon. The south parking lot adjoins the southwest facade, and the west side of the Pentagon faces Washington Boulevard. The Army told the County that the Army would use the entire Navy Annex site to expand the Cemetery and would acquire for the Cemetery about 5 acres (2.0 ha) of public land that Arlington County then owned. [33][34] Indiana limestone was used for the building's façade. The Future Naval Force Study, overseen by Deputy Secretary of Defense David Norquist, kicked off in January after Esper decided he wanted an outside take on the Navy’s self-review of its future force structure. General Brehon Somervell provided the major motivating power behind the project;[6] Colonel Leslie Groves was responsible for overseeing the project for the U.S. Army. [45], On 19 May 1972, the Weather Underground Organization bombed a fourth-floor women's restroom, in "retaliation" for the Nixon administration's bombing of Hanoi in the final stages of the Vietnam War. The central five-acre (2.0 ha) pentagonal plaza is nicknamed "ground zero" on the presumption that it would be a prime target in a nuclear war.[9]. By giving us your email, you are opting in to the Early Bird Brief. Early history. The Pentagon is the headquarters building of the United States Department of Defense.As a symbol of the U.S. military, the phrase The Pentagon is also often used as a metonym for the Department of Defense and its leadership.. During the protest, a famous picture was taken, where George Harris placed carnations into the soldiers' gun barrels. After more than two years of study, three potential future fleets will soon be briefed to the defense secretary. © IL GIORNALE ON LINE S.R.L. It has 5 rings, with the inner-most ring opening up into a large … [1], A 1998 Congressional proposal to expand Arlington National Cemetery onto land that the Navy Annex and Fort Myer then occupied led to concerns that Arlington County officials had not been properly consulted, leading to the withdrawal of the proposal. [1] It was demolished in 2013 to make room for an expansion of Arlington National Cemetery and other uses. The Pentagon is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark.[3]. Doing this, and finding the money within the Navy budget and elsewhere to make it real, is something both the Navy leadership and I are committed to doing.”, Money Minute: Sending cash by mobile apps — convenient, but be careful, Money Minute: Getting the Most When buying a Used Car. Pressure to speed up design and construction intensified after the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, with Somervell demanding that 1,000,000 sq ft (9.3 ha) of space at the Pentagon be available for occupation by 1 April 1943. [21], Government officials agreed that the War Department building, officially designated Federal Office Building No 1, should be constructed across the Potomac River, in Arlington County, Virginia. For the fifth anniversary of the 11 September 2001 attacks, a memorial of 184 beams of light shone up from the center courtyard of the Pentagon, one light for each victim of the attack. Doing this, and finding the money within the Navy budget and elsewhere to make it real, is something both the Navy leadership and I are committed to doing,” Esper stated. Above ground floors are numbered 1 to 5. After the demolition was completed, 12 feet of dirt would be replaced to return the area to green space suitable for grave sites. The Pentagon sought $207 billion for the Navy in its fiscal 2021 budget request. [42] In May 1967, a group of 20 demonstrators held a sit-in outside the Joint Chiefs of Staff's office, which lasted four days before they were arrested. (25), IT Investment Management (10), IT Expenditure Approval Authority If you would like to contact the DON CIO or the website team, please fill out the form below. The facility was also known as Federal Office Building 2. The studies called for between 20 and 26 of the Marines' light amphibious warships, which they need for ferrying Marines and gear around islands in the Pacific. [41], The Pentagon became a focal point for protests against the Vietnam War during the late 1960s. [44] The march concluded with an attempt to "exorcise" the building. The Pentagon building spans 28.7 acres (116,000 m2), and includes an additional 5.1 acres (21,000 m2) as a central courtyard. CAPE called for the fleet to remain about the same. List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C. National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Pentagon&oldid=983415757, Military headquarters in the United States, Buildings and structures in Arlington County, Virginia, Government buildings on the National Register of Historic Places in Virginia, National Register of Historic Places in Arlington County, Virginia, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, $83 million (equivalent to $1.13 billion in 2019), This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 03:04. The Pentagon sought $207 billion for the Navy in its fiscal 2021 budget request. The River Entrance, which features a portico projecting out twenty feet (6 m), is on the northeast side, overlooking the lagoon and facing Washington. There would also be a realignment of Columbia Pike.[2][6][8]. No FEAR Act, Audit Readiness of IT Systems [46], On 17 March 2007, 4,000 to 15,000 people (estimates vary significantly) protested the Iraq War[47] by marching from the Lincoln Memorial to the Pentagon's north parking lot. The Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff have their offices in the building. [11] Starting with the north side and moving clockwise, its five façade entrances are the Mall Terrace, the River Terrace, the Concourse (or Metro Station), the South Parking, and the Heliport. Arlington National Cemetery is to the north. There are a number of historical displays in the building, particularly in the "A" and "E" rings. (31), Enterprise Licensing Agreements Hudson looked to reduce the number slightly and instead fund more lightly manned corvettes, something Hudson has called for in the past. The fleets called for anywhere from 19 to 30 “future small logistics” ships. Esper himself hinted at that in comments last week. Please enable scripts and reload this page. management/information technology and cybersecurity issues and initiatives occuring within the Department of the Navy. The Navy’s 2016 Force Structure Assessment called for 52 small surface combatants. [1], In November 1941, the United States Marine Corps moved their headquarters from the Main Navy Building on the National Mall to the Navy Annex, where it would stay until 1996. The Pentagon’s upcoming recommendation for a future Navy is expected to call for a significant increase in the number of ships, with officials discussing a fleet as large as 530 hulls, according to documents obtained by Defense News. Ground was broken on 11 September 1941, and the building was dedicated on 15 January 1943.